Smart Manufacturing Cybersecurity Challenges
Traditional manufacturing industries are migrating to smart manufacturing methodologies as part of the ongoing fourth industrial revolution. Even with advanced automation systems, such as manufacturing execution systems (MES) that integrate plant floor production (ICS/SCADA networks) and enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems, manufacturing objectives stay the same – to maximize productivity and minimize risks. The adoption of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)/Industrie 4.0 and connectivity technologies has introduced new cyber risks to operational continuity and productivity. These risks include operational downtime, product manipulation and theft of sensitive manufacturing information.
The United States Department of Homeland Security reported a 20% increase in the number of cyber-attacks targeted at industrial networks in 2015. In this report, the main (33%) target was the manufacturing sector. The attack on the German iron plant, the Havex/Dragonfly campaign, and the ransomware attack phenomenon have shown that smart manufacturers are now a prime target for hackers. Production environments are a critical component in the core operations of smart manufacturers, and when hacked, the potential implications could be loss of revenue, a damaged reputation, and a lost competitive edge.